In January I was very honoured to co-chair a “Knowledge Exchange Seminar” as part of Family Potential, the centre for policy and practice research, having spoken at their previous seminar.
I was lucky enough during both to meet Tim Fisher, who has taught me an inordinate amount about Family Group Conferences (FGCs). As such, I asked him to write a Guest Post and I am very glad to present this below and grateful to Tim for taking the time to do it.
Family group conferences –family led decision-making
My name is Tim Fisher and I am the manager of the family group conference service in Camden. I have worked doing family group conferencing (FGC) in a number of places in England and Wales as well working for NSPCC and Advocacy for young people.
I met “Annie” from Surviving Safeguarding during a series of Family Potential events and she really blew me away with the power of what she had to say. Getting her message across about what she’d gone through, its emotional impact and the things local authorities should do better. So I was very pleased when she contacted to me to say that a guide to family group conference would be useful for her blog and this is it!
I have set out a simple (I hope!) introduction to FGC with some quotes from family members who have been there and done it.
What is a Family Group Conference?
An FGC should be an independent meeting organised for you with the family you want to have there. It is not supposed to be ‘just another meeting’; you may have lots of meetings to go to! So, a good FGC should feel different and aim to make a difference where possible.
It can be a chance to get clear information, have your say, offer your own ideas and make a plan that brings in family (including supportive friends).
FGCs are a chance for families to make: Plan A; we support the children’s parent to continue looking after them and set out what support the family can provide.
While also in that same meeting making a back-up: Plan B; if something happens and they can’t stay with the parent the children should be cared for by this family member we choose.
“It got to the heart of the matter” (Family Member that took part in an FGC)
“Everyone spoke and listened to each other” (Female aged between 15-16 years who had an FGC)
What actually happens at a family group conference?
There are three parts to an FGC:
Part 1. Information giving
This is the part of the meeting where you get the information you need to make a plan. A professional most closely involved with your family (usually social worker) should explain why they are worried about your child and tell you the sort of help that they can offer. There should be lots of chances to ask them questions and to be clear about what they are saying. They will then leave the meeting.
Part 2. Private family time
You, your family and friends will be left on your own, without the people who work with you, so that you can talk about the information that you heard in the first part and make plans together for you. The co-ordinator and other information givers stay in another room.
Part 3. Explaining your plan
Your family will share the plan with others at the meeting, including any information givers who were there at the beginning of the meeting. The plan should be agreed as long as it is a safe plan. The plan remains yours whatever happens and you can use the document in court.
Who can have one?
Nearly 90 per cent of local authorities have a family group conference service according to a survey from the Family Rights Group. Most of those are working with families with children on child protection plan, on the whole when care proceedings have started or are likely. There is government guidance that says it’s best that these families have one before they arrive in court.
A plan made in an FGC should always be your plan (the families plan). FGCs work hard for agreement between everyone with the child’s interest at heart, however if you’re going to court and you disagree with the social work viewpoint, your plan remains your plan.
Most people find out about FGCs from their social worker but in some areas a family can request one themselves and some local authorities (like Camden) offer FGC to families earlier on, to help sooner – even sometimes before social workers get involved. It should always be your choice whether you take part or not.
Who organises a family group conference?
The meeting is organised by an independent co-ordinator. ‘Independent’ means someone who should not be involved in the safeguarding decision making. The co-ordinator will meet you and your family to plan and prepare for the meeting and will always be available to help sort out any problems.
It’s important that during an FGC the family group make the decisions!
“The Co–ordinator was really supportive and helpful” (Family Member that took part in an FGC)
“The co–ordinator was sensitive and was skilful at chairing” (Professional who participated in an FGC)
Who should come to a family group conference?
You should be in control of the guest list. The best people will be those who know you and care about you; your family, plus friends and neighbours who feel like your family.
If safeguarding is going to be discussed then your social worker is very likely to want to be at the meeting, this might benefit you (and your family) if have questions you want to ask and important things to say. It is possible that other professionals attend to help with information and advice if you want them to – but the family should be in the majority.
“With everyone in the room, no one could go away saying they did not know what was going on” (Quote from a family member who has been part of a Family Group Conference)
What if I agree to take part in a family group conference?
Your co-ordinator should talk with you about who is in your family network. Whenever possible, everyone important to the child will be invited. The co-ordinator will make sure that the child or children’s views are heard in the meeting. Where appropriate they may arrange for someone to support the child in the meeting, or to speak for them.
You should feel in control of the FGC. After talking with you, the co-ordinator will arrange a time and a place for the meeting, refreshments and crèche for any younger children. The meeting will, whenever possible, be in the language you use at home. There are many trained FGC Coordinators working all over the UK that speak different community languages. A good FGC should be organised appropriately to your culture.
“It reminds me of other cultural family meetings back in my country of origin. It was very important for all of us to have a co-ordinator from our own background. It made everything easy, and there was no barrier of language and culture” (Family Member)
“An advocate is available for young people which means that there is a voice for the child.” (Teacher)
it gives a chance to think about what is happening and plan to make things better. Its gives a space to talk, helping with confidence and being able to look at the future. It promotes togetherness and helps young people”(Camden Young People)
Are FGCs confidential?
An FGC service shouldn’t talk about your problems to anyone unless you ask them, It should be confidential unless there is a risk to a child, You only tell us what you need to and nothing more.
What will happen to your plan after the meeting?
Whenever possible, the social work department should respond to your plan at the end of the meeting. If this is not possible, the social worker will make sure a decision is reached about your plan quickly. Once the plan is agreed, the social work department should work with you to put the plan into action. Later on, another FGC can be held to review the plan and see what still needs to be decided.
“I feel at least some form of dialogue has now begun and hopefully we can begin to work together as a family for our child’s sake.”(Family member)
Why I believe in FGCs
So – I hope that brief guide to FGC is helpful. It is very much the positive side and honestly that is because I believe FGC sets out with good intentions, building on families’ ability to keep their own children safe.
It’s got to be said that the research shows (check out Family Rights Group if you want to see the research) overwhelmingly that people who have had FGC think it helped them – however if you are reading this and you have experience of where FGC could have been better it would be very helpful to hear that too.
If you want yet more info on FGCs click through to the excellent Family Rights Group website.
I am happy to answer anybody’s questions about Family Group Conferences in the comments below or feel free to tweet me!
How To Survive The Christmas Period Without Your Children
Christmas two years ago was a very difficult time for my family. My youngest, “BabyB”, had been removed from my arms at only six days old. He was then placed into foster care against my will and the Final Hearing was due to begin on the very first week in January where the Local Authorities plans were forced adoption. He was under an Interim Care Order, and my contact with him was supervised. This then meant that I was not permitted to see him on Christmas Day because the Local Authority did not have any staff to supervise a contact. This situation was replicated for my other two children in Local Authority care so I was not permitted to see them either, despite having my other children in my care.
Nationwide, many families will be facing what I was in the Christmas of 2013; the agony of being separated from your children on one of the days of the year when family is everything.
This post is written for you all.
Christmas these days seems to start around September, (earlier if you’re on Facebook and you have “those” friends who countdown the days from January) with garish decorations adorning shop windows and Christmas jingles and croons far and wide.
The television adverts then begin, promising happiness for all if you buy X, Y and/or Z, or making you feel substandard if you don’t have X, Y and/or Z. There are adverts boasting about turkeys and assuring the potential customer that these are the best turkeys in the world because they’ve been allowed to roam free, or had massages everyday and dined on steak or somesuch. The television programmes start telling you how to have “The Perfect Christmas” whilst you sit in your jarmies eating a ready-meal and wondering how on earth you caramelise carrots. And, of course, Christmas is not complete without a new sofa, lounge carpet, big screen smart television (with 3D) and dining suite, because everyone has money to buy these things at this time of the year and if you don’t purchase a new solid oak dining table with wingback chairs you will, frankly, ruin Grandma’s life.
The Christmas trees go up, it appears, in November nowadays and god help you if you live opposite someone who comes back from B&Q with 400,000 bright blue “chaser” lights for the outside of their home; from experience you’ll have a migraine until mid-January.
The shops are hot, loud and full of stressed shoppers and confused people picking things up off shelves, shaking their heads, and replacing them, with monotonous regularity, or other shoppers fighting over the latest toy because Little Jimmy’s life will be over unless he has a killer zombie hamster with a kung-fu grip.
The supermarkets are even worse, with people bulk-buying soup and beans because the shops are shut for all of one day, the queues are hilarious, even at 3am when you stand in Asda perplexed at the lack of broccoli and wondering if you can dye cauliflower green. You can’t turn into an aisle without a battery-operated jolly Santa singing you some vile Christmassy song, or a giant inflatable Snowman warbling that he wishes “it could be Christmas everyday” (he can sod right off).
Then there are the “bargain days”, like Black Friday where folk find themselves sitting up at 3am waiting for a “lightning deal” to begin on a pizza cutter in the shape of a motorbike and wondering where their life has gone.
Everything is big and loud and over the top for this one special, magical day of the year and everyone is under huge pressure for everything to be perfect.
When you’re a parent separated from your children, particularly a parent either going through Proceedings, or having gone through them, you don’t see any of the above.
I know, because I have been there.
What you see – everywhere – is loss, pain and grief.
You see happy shoppers buying for their children, and you feel pangs of jealousy, imagining their family all together on Christmas morning. You see television adverts full of happy families, together around a dinner table spending that special day talking, and laughing unitedly. It is a savage pain to know that you won’t wake up with your children on Christmas morning…and your children won’t wake up with you. I remember it, my eyes are filling up and I feel it in my chest as I type.
Everywhere you look is evidence that you don’t fit and all you can think of is that it wasn’t supposed to be like this and how on earth are you supposed to survive that one day, Christmas Day.
How to survive
The very first thing to remember is that you have every right to feel the way you do, no matter what has gone before, or what you, or anybody else, have done wrong. Acceptance is key to being able to move forward and brings about its own peace.
So, no – it isn’t meant to be like this. As a parent, it is normal to want to be with your children on every day of the year, but especially at Christmas. As a child, it is normal to want to be with your parents on every day of the year, but especially at Christmas. There is nothing abnormal in dreading Christmas, considering your circumstances. Know that you are not alone, that many of us feel the way you do, and many wish the day away as the pain of separation is too much to bear.
If you are able to see your children unsupervised, and depending on your circumstances, there should be nothing stopping you seeing them on Christmas Day. If your children are with relatives (under a Special Guardianship Order, or no Order at all), remember that you will have to fit in around their plans, as they have care of the children. It is very difficult, but very important to be respectful of this, and offer as much give-and-take as you can and not expect too much or come across as “entitled”.
The same applies if your children are in foster care under a Section 20. If this is the case, and you are not in Proceedings, you may very well be able to see your children unsupervised. Speak to your children’s Social Worker as soon as you can; if they say you are unable to see your children unsupervised, ask why. It may be worth taking legal advice at this point as sometimes Local Authorities aren’t quite up-to-date on what powers they do and don’t have under a Section 20. I would absolutely advise though that you do nothing impulsive, or without having first checked out your legal footing.
If you are able to see your children on Christmas Day, try to accept that it may not be the way you want it to be. You might not be able to wake up with them, but that’s not the end of the world, and you are luckier than many who are not able to see their children at all.
Finally, make sure you are well-prepared; for example if you don’t drive and are beyond walking distance, save up enough money for taxis and book them well in advance. Most taxi operators open a booking system for Christmas Day around three weeks beforehand, so get in quick. Money can be tight, so don’t go mad on presents for the children, your presence is worth far far more to them than the killer zombie hamster with a kung-fu grip.
If you are unable to see your children without supervision, there may, however, be a number of things to try during the build-up to Christmas. Some of them will be relevant to you, some won’t, but “shy bairns get nowt” as we say up here, so try anything.
As early as possible, try to find out what the arrangements are for Christmas contact between you and your children. If they are in Local Authority care, you should be given a contact schedule in good time (at least a month beforehand). You will almost certainly be given time with your children in the days around Christmas Day and it is likely to be in a contact centre, supervised. However, you can be creative with this, and I’ve listed some ideas below to help:
If the Local Authority are quite adamant that contact needs to be supervised, whether that be because it is court ordered, written into the children’s care plans, or that they have evidence or concerns, you may have to accept that this is the framework in which you will see your children. However, it is always worth asking – in as much time beforehand as possible – the Social Worker who else may be suitable to supervise the contact session. It may be that someone else could be assessed to supervise the contact, such as a relative or close family friend. The consequence to this is that the contact would be an awful lot more natural, and it may give you a bit of flexibility as a family to think about venue and dates. There’s no promises or guarantees here, but if you never ask, you never get.
Try to be respectful when asking, this may be a new possibility for your Local Authority, which is why it’s so important to ask in good time. Remember, that your children’s cases should be reviewed by an Independent Reviewing Officer every 6 months, just before then may be a good time to have the discussion so that the Team Around The Child (or Care Team, or Core Group as it is also known) can have full involvement. Try to be humble about this too, acting like you are entitled in any way gets people’s backs up and will end up with people feeling cautious and the answer probably being no. Be smart about this; now is not the time to start an argument.
Venue If you are scheduled to have your Christmas contact with your children in a contact centre, you can always ask the Social Worker – as early as possible – if there are any other options available to your family. Remember that the Local Authority are the Council; they run a number of buildings within your borough and therefore there may be some flexibility around where you can see your children. A contact centre is not the most inviting place to exchange gifts, but equally, you might be a bit uncomfortable doing it in your local library. However, there may well be other options. For example, the local library may have a little room you can use, or your local school may have a community room, or training room. You could ask if there were any rooms to use at the council run swimming pool, or leisure centre and combine the time you have with an activity such as swimming, soft play, or five-a-side. Christmas is a special time of year, and so it’s not too much to ask for your family to have some special time together, no matter who did what to whom.
However, if you are to have your Christmas contact in a contact centre, supervised by the Local Authority it doesn’t have to be as bad as it sounds. I have had to deal with this with only two of my children for several years now, so I can completely relate to how soul-destroying it is for this to be the only time and context in which you see your children at Christmas. However, I’ve always made sure I’ve prepared well in advance and we’ve made the best of it. I’ve detailed some ideas below that may help:
Decorations – ask the staff at the contact centre if you can have access to the room half an hour or so earlier than when your contact session begins. Bring tinsel, beads, garlands, whatever can be wrapped around things in the room quickly. In our old room there used to be tables, chairs, as well as equipment used for training staff, broken items and stuff that didn’t have a home anywhere else. I used to cover it all entirely in gold tinsel, stick lights up and even found festive party games to make (stick the nose on Rudolph always provoked a laugh). If the room looks a little more cheery, it will help to lift your spirits.
Food/drink – keep a few quid aside and go to your local supermarket. This time of year there are always party foods which are ready made and your can just stick on a plate which is helpful if you don’t have the room for long beforehand. Bring some fruit juice or fizzy pop and go to a discount shop for Christmas-themed paper plates, cups, tablecloth etc. The children will be glad of a snack, and it can provide a focus once all the present opening is over.
Music – it can been deathly quiet around Christmas in contact centres which can affect everyone’s mood, so ask the staff if they have a CD player and any Chrismassy tunes you could borrow. If they don’t the main radio stations will invariably be saturated with Cliff and Wizard.
Presents – when you lose your children, you lose your child benefits, child tax credits and anything else relating to them and it can be extremely difficult financially to manage. So it’s really important to only buy what you can afford, and not to worry if some of the presents come from charity shops, or discount stores, or eBay. Most of my children have received gifts like that for most of the Christmases they have been alive! In fact, the presents my children have liked the very best have been homemade ones. I made jewellery for them, decorated boxes, I made photo albums and scrapbooks of our memories together, and they loved them all far more than any other presents.
So please don’t put pressure on yourself to provide everything under the sun for them – far far more important will be the time you spend with them. It sounds silly, but take time wrapping the presents and writing out cards for your children and then arranging them all nicely in the contact room. Believe me, having been there, it makes all the difference. The children will see the effort you’ve gone to, and what’s inside the packages doesn’t quite matter as much as that.
Keep smiling – you may feel extremely emotional and you may feel very angry that you won’t be together on Christmas Day, for whatever reason. This is normal.
Everyone I know who has been through this feels exactly the same. Angry, frustrated, helpless. Couple that with the pressure of Christmas itself and the resentment and jealousy towards others you may also be feeling, it’s really no wonder that emotions run high.
However. All of that being said. This is not the time to display these emotions. This is the time – without meaning to sound patronising here – to be a grown up. I’m not asking you to be a robot, and it’s overwhelmingly difficult to keep it together when and if your children are crying to come home – I know, I have been in that exact situation. But you absolutely have to keep it together, for their sakes. They need you to be strong, to show them that it’s ok, that Mum and Dad will be ok on Christmas Day (because they will worry about you), and that it’s ok for them to have fun on Christmas day wherever they are and whoever they are with. Of course tell them you will miss them and you wish you could be together, but it’s not possible. Don’t attach blame to this, and don’t tell the children it’s the Social Worker’s or Local Authority’s fault. You can think it – hell, when the children have left you can scream it from the rooftops. But whilst the children are there, make it fun for them, make it special for them, and make it ok for them. I know how hard that is, I have walked far more than a mile in those shoes, but this was something I had to do, for my children. And as hard as it was, I’m glad that I did.
Surviving when you don’t see them
Two years ago, I saw my youngest child, BabyB, on Christmas Eve, and then not again until the 27th December, then the 30th December and the 2nd of January. He was less than six months old. He spent Christmas Day with the Foster Carers and there is a picture in my hall of him dressed up as an Elf on that day, grinning away without a care in the world. He didn’t, doesn’t, and may not ever know (unless he ever reads this!) just how painful that day was. To have some of my children with me – and some not – was nothing short of torturous punishment. As separated families, we perceive that our children must feel the same pain that we do. And I think, if they are older, there’s some truth in that. But I look at that picture everyday, and it makes me smile. Because I’m glad he was happy, I’m glad he didn’t feel the pain I felt that day, I’m glad he didn’t and doesn’t know.
So, how did I get through that festive period? Where all about me seemed full of joy and where everyone around me were with their families, happy and together?
Honestly? I just survived. Some days, barely. Somedays I just wanted to cry all day and didn’t want to go out because I couldn’t take any more happy families. I was seethingly jealous of my friends who all had their children around them. I hated being alone and felt abandoned. I felt it was all my fault, I felt I was being punished, I felt I must deserve this, I felt dirty and horrible and like the worst mother in the world. Then, within the same breath, I felt angry, I felt this was wrong, I knew my baby would come home and I felt like this was just digging the knife in.
In short? I felt everything you feel being separated from your children, magnified by about 5000.
I realise this doesn’t help.
But the way I got through it? I just survived. I took every day 5 minutes at a time. Get through that 5 minutes and you’re on to the next one. I never looked ahead more than 5 minutes.
I read, I read and read and read case after case on Bailii and Family Law Week, and SuesspiciousMinds and PinkTape Blogs, learning about the law. Then, when I had to stop reading, I distracted myself, watched crappy DVDs and documentaries (ask me anything about the First World War!), I did puzzles on my phone, I read lighthearted books I hadn’t read for years. I took long showers and washed my hair and did my nails.I tried my best not to isolate myself, as it doesn’t help. I didn’t drink and had just quit smoking, so I tried and managed to stay teetotal. I tried to eat regularly, I tried to sleep regularly, I tried my best to look after myself because I was important too.
So that is the best advice I can give to you. Just survive, just get through it. There are no magic formulas, nothing I can say will take your pain away. If I could, believe you me, I would – in a heartbeat. But I can’t. So just know that you are not alone but that you can, you will and you must, just survive.
As I sit down to write this, the seventh set of Proceedings that I have been a Party to (yes…there’s been yet another one folks!) have come to an end. For only the second time in 3 years and six months – I am not in Proceedings.
Indeed, the reason for such a gap between Part One of “How to survive court” and Part Two of the same is because I have needed “time out” afterwards, to recuperate, to repair and to reflect. Having taken a bit of time, I now feel far more able to serve you all better and I hope this next post is useful for any families facing court, and any practitioners looking to understand and empathise better with what a parent goes through during Proceedings.
Part Two – How to Survive Court
In Part One, I tried to deal with the practicalities of how to navigate your way to the Court, both physically and emotionally. In Part Two, I want to look at the experience of a Court Hearing, what to expect, and how to cope with it in the best way.
You will be called, either over a tannoy, or by the Court Clerk, to go into the courtroom itself, often by your case number. Your barrister will know to listen out for it so don’t worry about missing it. It’s a good idea to familiarise yourself with your own number if you can, and actually a good focus when you’re sitting waiting to go in.
In my experience, it tends to be two letters at the beginning, followed by a series of numbers and then another letter. It’s a bit like your National Insurance number and if you’ve got a better memory than me, you’ll recognise it on your court paperwork.
You may never have been into a Court before and may not know where to sit, or how it might look. I’ve designed two floor plans (thank you to floorplanner.com) below to hopefully help you to see how it is all set out. You can click on the image to make it larger. I hope. I’m not very good with technology.
The first plan is what, in my experience, many courtrooms look like. The Judge sits “on high”, in that their seats are raised up. Some people might feel a bit intimidated by this, but try to think of it as being designed so that the Judge can see everyone in the room clearly.
The second floor plan is something I’ve also experienced, and it feels a little less formal. The Judge tends to sit on the same level, and all of the Parties sit around a table. The rooms themselves can be the Judge’s Chambers which are the “Office” of the Judge where he or she can hear certain types of cases instead of in “open court” as in Floorplan 1. How commonly this is done, I don’t know, but I only experienced it in my first set of Proceedings in 2012, and only in the earlier Hearings where there were no witnesses to give evidence.
As you can see in Floorplan 1, it is clear where to sit. The solicitors or barristers (also known as “Counsel” – see my Glossary here for more information) sit on the front row, whilst the parents, the Children’s Guardian and the Social Worker(s) sit in the row behind. It may be that there are more “Parties” to Proceedings such as Grandparents, or Aunts/Uncles. They will have their own representation who will sit at the front and everyone else fills the second row with spare seating being used in the public gallery.
In Floorplan 2, it is less obvious, but if you are presented with this set-up, follow your barrister’s instructions on where to sit. However, in my experience, you sit on the opposite side of the table to the Social Worker.
The seats themselves can be nothing more than wooden benches – they are often not the most comfortable of things. That’s why it’s doubly important to wear something you can sit comfortably in for long periods of time.
There will almost always be water in jugs on the tables with plastic cups. It’s a good idea to pour yourself a cup whether you’re thirsty or not, before the Judge comes in. Once things get underway, it’s best to try and sit as still as possible and you might well find the anxiety of the occasion may leave your mouth a little drier than normal.
It is also a very good idea to take a notebook and a pen into court so you can communicate with your barrister. You cannot speak during a hearing unless directly addressed by the Judge and I personally would avoid whispering to your barrister as it can distract the Judge and the other parties. Writing a quick note if you don’t agree with something (or you want to raise a particular point) and passing it to your barrister is a good way to communicate with them.
And so it begins If your case is heard in open court (as in Floorpan 1), the Clerk will be in the courtroom as you enter, but the Judge will still be in “Chambers”. You are given a few moments to put your bag under the desk, and for the barristers to get their files in order before the Judge will knock on the door from their Chambers to the courtroom. At this point, you must “rise”, or stand up. It is a mark of respect to the Judge and must be observed. The judge will then look to the barristers, give a nod, they will bow their heads back and then everyone can sit down.
This might seem a strange thing to do, but it is an etiquette of the court and, to be fair, court is a strange old place to be.
Another tradition within the court is the different names used to address the Judge, depending on their status or the type of court or hearing it is. This can get a little confusing, so I have put together a table below to hopefully make it simple:
Your case will very likely be heard by a District or a Circuit Judge, so check with your barrister which and try to remember the correct way to address them. This is particularly important when you are giving evidence, as it shows respect.
The opening gambit – and how to deal with this As it is the Local Authority who are making the application to the court, they will speak to the Judge first. This is often a very difficult time for the parents; essentially you have to listen to a barrister list the reasons why they think your child or children should be made subject of a Care Order (or whatever Order is being applied for) and – usually – why they should not live with you anymore.
I can’t dress this one up in any way – it hurts to hear these things. The opening speech from the Local Authority will be quite detailed as they need to very clearly explain their actions. You will inevitably hear things that you don’t agree with, you may hear things you think are lies, or exaggerations and you will probably want to react and respond there and then.
You absolutely must stay calm for the following reasons:
1. Care proceedings are the battle of your life. You have to show strength and resilience that you never knew you had, and you must show it again and again and again. It’s like anything that is emotionally draining – if you do not develop a coping strategy (see below), you will burn out extremely quickly. If you react and respond explosively every time you hear something you don’t agree with, or that hurts, you will burn out extremely quickly. Think marathon, not sprint. The benefit to this is that it will very positively impact upon your parenting because when you learn how to cope in such high-stress, traumatic situations such as these, you also learn not to “sweat the small stuff”.
2. Your actions and reactions are being watched. This element of care proceedings cases really personally frustrates me, because you are under intense, incredible pressure so naturally that’s going to have an impact on you – but you are undoubtedly judged on the way in which you conduct yourself throughout. It shouldn’t be like that, but it is. If you react aggressively, or you are emotional to the extreme, it will be used as evidence against you.
Coping strategies These are some of the things I used, and I know of other people using, to have got through this difficult part of the process. One, some or all of these may help you during hearings.
1. Shift your thinking
It is awful to hear bad things about you being said out loud. It is even more awful when they relate to your parenting or your children. It is even more awful when you know you can’t respond, particularly when you’re probably pretty angry with the ones who are saying it.
However. Try to think of it like this… The court is a theatre. The actors are playing to the audience, which is the Judge. There will be some dramatic language used to make their points, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s true. Making an application for a care order, or whatever order they are going for, is taken very seriously by the court, and Local Authorities would be in pretty hot water if they didn’t have a good reason for doing it. So remember that when they are explaining their case, they are also justifying their actions. Don’t forget, there needs to be solid evidence for a Judge to make an Order. His or her head won’t be turned by drama. So, let them have it, let it go. Don’t let what they are saying get to you. Keep this key word in your mind: evidence.
2. Understand your position It is very natural that, when someone says bad things about you and your parenting, you want to prove them wrong in whatever way you can.
However, try to remember this: the Local Authority have their plan, and they will say things that will back up that plan. But, by the same token; you have your plan, and your barrister will say things to back up your plan. This is something that was taught to me by an incredible lady who attended a meeting with me when the Local Authority were saying some terrible things about me. My whole body was itching to respond, but this lady just kept saying quietly to me: “they have their plan, and we have ours”. I can’t tell you how much it helped. So, try to remember that when you are having to listen to these difficult things.
3. Trust your barrister – and if not, change them It takes around six years to qualify as a barrister. That’s a hell of a commitment and a very long time spent learning about the law. As such, your barrister is very well placed to not only advise you, but conduct your case to their best of their ability. Trust them to do this especially when you are hearing very difficult things and you want to object to them, or respond in some way. Write your barrister a note and trust that they will know when is best to raise your points.
Most of the barristers that I have met have been absolutely dedicated to their client – my own most certainly was. They’re also not naive; they know the system is flawed and many of them are trying very hard to change that (organisations such as The Transparency Project, for example).
The two key points to remember are:
a) whilst you instruct them, they are there to advise and help you
b) you are the expert in the subject of your own life, but be mindful that they are the experts in the field of law.
If you’re are not confident about your barrister, discuss this with your solicitor. It might be that they can talk to the barrister about why you are unhappy, or it could be that if the trust is gone, you are able to instruct a new one.
4. Some key strategies:
Remember to control your breathing when times get tough. As I said in my previous post, a good way to do this to to inhale through your nose, pause for a second and blow your breath out of your cheeks. This might sound a bit silly and maybe simple, but under pressure such as this, you’d be amazed at what you forget to do. I couldn’t have told you my name at some points of my proceedings.
Water – obviously! Although, you’d be forgiven for wanting something stronger, quite frankly. Court hearings are very draining, the buildings can be hot and stuffy, and it’s important to keep yourself hydrated. It also provides a useful focus in my experience.
Whilst you cannot eat during a hearing (I wouldn’t advise chewing gum either, out of respect), you must try to eat a little before you go in in the morning, or if you are there all day, during breaks. I was very lucky during my proceedings to have people with me who would remind me to eat, and I will be forever grateful as it fuelled me to keep going physically when emotionally I felt I couldn’t.
Clearly not through the proceedings! But proceedings can mean sleepless nights, understandably. If you’re struggling with sleep try one or more of the following:
i) Sleep App
If you have an iPhone I can recommend: “Digipill” and “Relax Melodies: Sleep zen sounds”
If you have an Android I can recommend:”Relax with Andrew Johnson” (a miracle in my opinion) and “iSleep Easy Meditations Free”
All of the above are free and have far more brilliant advice on them I could ever fit in here.
ii) A good bedtime routine. Whether that’s a bath, a book or a warm drink, think how much better children sleep when they’re in a routine and translate that to yourself.
iii) If all else fails, try Kalms night (here), Rescue Remedy Night (here) or Nytol (here)
As I said above, it’s a very good idea to take a notebook and pen into court to communicate with your barrister. However, it can help some people to take notes during the hearing on what is being said. It can provide a focal point if things get heated or intense, or what you are hearing is particularly painful.
These are some hints and tips that may help you through a hearing. Above all else though, keep in mind why you’re there; your children. The desire to be with them, or keep them with you should be at the forefront of your mind at all times. Remember why you’re fighting – for your family. Remember the bigger picture.
Giving Evidence Lastly, I wanted to give you a few tips on how to give the best evidence you can. I remember very clearly during the Final Hearing of my Proceedings when I first took the witness stand, the Judge turning to me and telling me that this would be the single most important piece of evidence in the whole trial and to try to relax. Thanks Judge (!).
Here are some tips I picked up along the way:
1. Prepare well What’s that saying…”fail to prepare and prepare to fail”..? Well, it’s not a bad sentiment in this case. If you know that you are going to be giving evidence, you need to try and take some time out to think about exactly what it is that you want to get across. Think very carefully about what it is that the LA are saying; what is their argument? And then prepare your defence to that argument. When you have spare moments, think again about the key points in your argument and how you would get them across to the Judge.
2. Before you go into Court Sometimes, when you are under intense amounts of pressure, it can truly affect every part of you, including your memory! So, one thing that I personally found useful was to sit quietly for 20 minutes before I was due to go back into court and give evidence and reread my final statement to court. I asked my barrister and everyone else to leave me alone (in the nicest possible way!) and just sat and absorbed what I had written only a few weeks before. Initially it was like someone else had written it; I couldn’t remember a thing, but the more I read, the more I remembered and the more it made sense. So I would be inclined to do something like this if you can, just to refresh your memory.
3. Ask for advice Your solicitor and barrister have almost certainly been through a parent giving evidence before and will have a good idea of what to expect. In the weeks leading up to you giving evidence, listen to them, ask as many questions as you can and take notes of their answers. If there are particular areas you’re frightened about, or not confident, focus on these as they’ll certainly come up and you need to be as prepared as possible. Lean on your legal team for this part – that’s what they’re paid for.
4. Honesty is the best policy You might be worried about aspects of your case and that if you are asked about them and give an honest answer, you might lose your children.
For example, if your child has suffered harm or neglect and you know deep down you could have done more to protect them against that harm – it is always better to say so. In fact, you might be surprised; it is more likely to go in your favour than against you as it shows you’re willing to take responsibility and you’re able to be honest. I know how difficult it is to do this, but the more you do it, the easier it becomes in my experience, and it’s actually quite liberating in the end.
5. Don’t argue and don’t bitch It is the Local Authority’s (or Children’s Guardian’s) job to put to you difficult questions. Some barristers do that in a careful way and are mindful of not making the process any more unpleasant or upsetting for you…and some barristers just don’t and will ask difficult questions to get a reaction (sorry to my legal followers but we all know it’s true). These barristers will push your buttons and this is your time to rise above it, keep calm and quiet and answer their difficult questions with grace and dignity. Have that as your mindset from the beginning, know that difficult questions will come up and welcome them as an opportunity to show that you are not interested in an argument with anyone, you just want to make your points, that’s all. Try to remember that for the barristers, this is not personal. They are just doing their jobs. So let them do it.
It’s a learning curve, but you could ask your barrister, your solicitor or any of your friends and family to “role-play” with you in the weeks leading up to you giving evidence.
6. Think about the question and stay focused on it When you are asked a question, think about your answer before you open your mouth. Think about exactly what the barrister is asking you, and only answer that question, clearly and concisely. It is likely that whoever has asked you the question will wait after you have finished your answer and simply look at you. This is a tactic used to try to get you to feel awkward and then start talking more and hopefully trip yourself up! It’s not something that’s exclusive to barristers, employers do it when interviewing, the Police are known to do it in interviews, and politicians are subjected to it daily – so don’t take it personally. Answer the question that has been asked of you and no more. This changes the dynamic and puts the ball firmly back in the other person’s court (excuse the pun…).
For example; if someone asks you how old you are, you would answer “21” (if you’re lucky). If a silence follows, you would probably feel awkward wouldn’t you? You would think that asker was perhaps judging you, and it’s human nature to avoid that by filling the silence. However, if you were to keep quiet, the asker would almost certainly start speaking first as they would themselves feel awkward. So, try to remember that!
What are the key points of the LA’s case and how can you answer them?
Reread your final written statement to refresh your memory
Ask your legal team what questions to expect from the LA/CG and practice different ways to answer them
When it comes to it:
– be honest and open
– don’t fill silences, use them to your advantage
– speak slowly and concisely
– when you’re asked a question, pause and think about what you’re about to say before you say it
– stay calm and as relaxed as you can
– don’t argue with anyone and don’t give bitchy answers
– keep your children in mind at all times
I hope this post helps those of you attending court, and perhaps giving evidence. These are simple strategies I myself used to great success. I wish you well with them, and I wish you well with “surviving court”.
After well over three years, my sixth – and hopefully final – set of Proceedings in the Family Court came to an end last week. There were times over the last three years I thought it would never be over, times I thought I simply wouldn’t survive. But I did, and I have, and I hope I can help other parents to survive, too.
As I walked into Court last week, I was reminded of how it felt to attend my first Hearing, that I didn’t know what to expect, where to sit, when to speak, why I wasn’t allowed to respond when the Local Authority said upsetting things about me to the Judge. It was like an alien world where everybody spoke another language and knew the etiquette; I was a stranger in a foreign land.
As such, I wanted to write a “Guide To Surviving Court” to try and give some practical advice to parents who are facing Proceedings and perhaps feeling that same rising panic in their throats as I once felt. I’m splitting this into two parts; the first dealing with the practical issues of attending Court, the second dealing with what actually goes on in front of a Judge. I hope that this may help parents to feel a little less afraid, a little less confused and bewildered, and a little less alone.
Part One – How to Survive Court
Getting the right advice
The first, and possibly most valuable piece of advice I can give parents is to find a good,reputable legal representative. The first starting point I would use would be The Law Society’s “Find a Solicitor” page here – scroll down to Family and relationships in the “Legal Issue” box, input your postcode and up should pop a list of local solicitors. Look for the icon to the right which shows that the solicitor is accredited by the Law Society Children’s Accreditation Scheme. If you struggle with the internet you can also ring the Law Society on 020 7320 5650.
I would always advise you to research your solicitor as much as you can; recommendations, word of mouth and a Google search all help, but most solicitors will be prepared to meet with you for around 30 minutes either face to face, over the telephone, or by email. I can’t emphasise enough how important it is to get the right advice. In my own case, after sacking my first legal team, I went out of the area and chose a national firm specialising in Care Proceedings. This turned out to be a very wise move and I’m not sure I would have had the outcome I did otherwise.
NB Often you are represented at Hearings by a barrister and you may not have ever met this person as you will ordinarily deal day-to-day with your solicitor. This can mean that when it comes to the day of the Hearing, you’re not sure who to look for.
The first thing to do in this instance is ask your solicitor to describe the barrister, in advance of the Hearing. If, for whatever reason, your solicitor is unfamiliar with this barrister, there are two options here:
1. Google the name of your barrister as often Chambers ensure up-to-date images of their staff are kept in the public domain. Input (for example) ‘John Smith Barrister Liverpool’, and click on images.
2. Approach the Court Clerks and ask if they know who this person is. As barristers are in and out of Court daily, it is likely someone will be able to point them out.
Plan your journey
Once you’ve found your solicitor, it’s time to prepare for Court. It’s very possible that you’ve never set foot inside a Court building before, you might not even be sure where your Court is. A good place to start is here at the Court and Tribunal Finder. You enter your postcode and your nearest Court(s) are listed.
Once you’ve found your Court, it’s a good idea to plan, in advance, how to get there. If you don’t drive you can try this link – this is Traveline and it’s a journey planner for the UK.You simply input your postcode, the postcode of where you want to travel and the time and date and a complete journey from door-to-door is displayed for you.
What to wear
I’m sure no one needs to be reminded that Court is serious business. Even though it is probable you won’t actually speak to the Judge, he or she will certainly be aware of your presence, so it’s very important to make a good impression. It also helps you mentally, in my experience – if you’re dressed smartly, you hold yourself differently. It might be a small thing, but every little helps.
Men: You don’t need a three-piece suit! Just some smart trousers or chinos, a smart shirt and shoes (not trainers) will help you to hold yourself with confidence.
Women: Dress pants, or a skirt with a smart top work well. Remember to keep necklines high and hemlines low!
It’s very important that you’re comfortable, too. You’re likely to be there for quite some time, so wear something that isn’t going to irritate you. I can’t wear heels myself – I can’t walk in them at all – so whilst I was always very smartly dressed for Court, I would wear flat shoes. It sounds daft, but you need to be completely focused on what’s going on – not that waistband digging in, or your feet bunched into tight shoes. Courts seem often to have their own climate – either freezing or boiling! – so I’d advise you wear layers.
Things to take with you
Support I cannot emphasise enough how important it is to have good support around you during the child protection process. Whether you are part of a couple, or a single mum or dad; you will need a strong network of support and this is extremely important when you attend Court.
Unless you are a “Party to Proceedings” (see my Glossary here), you will not be allowed to enter the Courtroom itself, but just having someone with you in the waiting area will help so much. There is an awful lot of ‘waiting around’ during these Hearings; sometimes emergency matters come up that the Judge must deal with first, and it is quite normal for your case to be listed at the same time as two or three others. I’ll be honest with you – the waiting is the worst part.
When considering who could attend with you, think about what you will need. In my experience, you need someone with you who is level-headed, quiet and calm. If you think your mum will end up more stressed than you – leave her at home! What you really need is someone just there to listen, without judgement, and to hold your hand and carry your pain.
Independent advocacy services are – unfortunately – very very rare for this type of situation, but charities such as Families In Care (based in the North-East) and the Family Rights Group (based in London) work immensely hard to support parents faced with the child protection process.
Relevant paperwork Whilst this doesn’t mean that you need to take every document you’ve ever received from the Local Authority, it is a good idea to take anything you think might help your barrister or solicitor. So, if there has been a recent review meeting, or care-team meeting and you have any reports or minutes, do take them along.
It’s a very good idea to purchase a lever-arch file for this purpose. Not only does it keep everything in one place so you can easily find important information, but it also helps you to feel like you’re doing something in the darker days.
The basics As I already mentioned, there is an awful lot of waiting around when you attend Court. For example, at one of my recent Hearings, I arrived at 9.15am, and didn’t leave until 1.30pm – and that’s reasonably normal. The waiting can be very difficult, so I would advise you take some things with you to pass the time. A magazine, a book (or a Kindle), a puzzle book – anything that’s quiet and will focus your mind.
I would definitely advise you take a bottle of water with you, or a cool drink of some sort. Just bear in mind that glass bottles are likely to be taken by security staff as they can’t be taken into the Courtroom.
Some Courts have a small cafe, others just a tea machine – either way make sure you have some change to get yourself a cuppa. It’s amazing how much a hot cup of tea made me feel better during my Proceedings!
I would also advise you take a snack, some fruit, or nuts, a cereal bar, or some chocolate – Court is draining and you need to keep your energy up. Just remember not to eat in the Courtroom itself!
Other things I would always have with me would be tissues, mints, a pen and some paper, some paracetamol and Bach’s Rescue Remedy (click here for more information) which helped me to stay calm. I also always took a small picture of my children with me to remind me to stay strong.
What to expect
These are a few things I wished I’d known ahead of my first few Hearings so I could prepare myself mentally for them:
Security check As you enter the Court building itself, you will need to pass through a security scanner and then a security guard will use a manual scanner too. This can feel a bit uncomfortable but it’s essential to keep everybody safe, and you’ll see yourself that solicitors and barristers have to be scanned, too.
It’s very likely that your bag will be searched as you pass through the security scanner – again everyone has to go through this. If you have anything glass in your bag, like a perfume bottle, it’s likely it will be confiscated until you’re ready to leave Court. You’ll be given a receipt for it though and can pick it up on your way out. Anything that could be potentially used as a weapon will also be taken, and in my experience things like chargers are often taken.
However, if there’s something you have with you you really need, explain this to the security guard who will use their discretion. For example, I used to have to take my hospital-grade breastpump to Court, along with ice packs and a cool bag – I got a few raised eyebrows the first time I took them in, but the security staff allowed me to take them in with me. It actually became a running joke after that!
Waiting… The waiting area in Court is particularly bizarre. There is normally a main waiting area, and then lots of little rooms where barristers and solicitors take their clients ahead of Hearings. In my experience, it is somewhat of a coup to get one of the little rooms – and if you get one, you hold onto it!
If you are in the main waiting area, you will likely hear and see a lot of human emotion. Court is a stressful business – people’s lives are being decided, so don’t be surprised to see people upset. Unfortunately, it is likely you will also hear snippets of conversation from other people cases. This is always uncomfortable, but sometimes can’t be helped.
Try to remember that everyone there is nervous – sometimes even the lawyers! Just keep your head together and focus on your own case and why you’re there. Eyes on the prize, as someone once said to me.
A last (and very important!) note
One of the things I found extremely hard to deal with was when the “Advocates” (which will likely be your barrister or solicitor, the Local Authority’s barrister, the Social Worker, the Children’s Guardian and their barrister) all disappeared off into one of the little rooms together for Pre-Hearing discussions. Very often these people work together every day and so know each other quite well – very often they will therefore have a joke and a chatter before getting down to work. In any sort of work environment this is quite normal, but for a parent, this is incredibly difficult to see. Very often, you are left alone outside of the room, knowing that the Advocates are discussing your child and your life, and there’s nothing you can do.
I know of parents where this has been too much, and they have burst into the room, or caused a fuss demanding to be allowed to sit in and know what is being said. I can’t emphasise enough how important it is to keep your cool during times like these as any behaviour like that will go against you. You must try and stay calm and keep your head “in the game”.- Breathing. Focus on your breathing. In through your nose, pause, out through your mouth. Concentrate on the rhythm of your breath and with each breath allow yourself to relax.
– Keep busy. If you have someone with you for support, talk to them. If you’re on your own, read your magazine/book, or find something on your phone to keep you occupied – I used to play solitaire over and over (I was very bad at it) as it was mind-numbing.
– If it gets too much, get up and walk. Stretch your legs, walk from one end of the waiting area to the next. Count how many steps it takes you.
Another trick is to count back from 100 in sevens. I’m not quite sure how that helps, but I used it and it worked for me. Start with 100, minus seven to get 93, and then minus another seven and so on.
Another trick is to make words from a word you spot. So, say you spot the word “Building”, see what words you can make from it (bud, lid, nil etc)
If you smoke, go and have one. Or five, go and have five. I’m not a smoker (I actually quit during my newborn’s Proceedings believe it or not!), and I obviously don’t normally advocate smoking, but this is not a normal situation. Do whatever you have to do to get you through, within reason. If that’s five Malboro in a row, so be it.
Keep calm, and remember why you’re there. Keep your children in mind all of the time. You can do this, you will get through this. This too will pass.
I hope this helps some parents to prepare in their own way for Court. Part Two of this Post will deal with what to expect in front of the Judge, and how best to get through an actual Hearing, including some advice on how to give evidence.
The Proceedings are over. Like me, you’ve survived. Either the Local Authority have agreed to rehabilitation home, or you endured a Final Hearing, fought your guts out and won your case. Either way, the child you’ve been fighting for comes home.
Unfortunately, this is the part that no one tells you about.
Around 2012/13 – when Baby B was taken – the chances of having a young child (or a newborn baby) that had been removed from a parent’s care, placed for non-consensual adoption seemed to be getting higher and higher. Newspapers were full of statistics that showed more children were being adopted, rather than left to “languish” in the system. Most people agreed; no one wants to see children left in foster care and so this was a good thing. Except, of course, if you were a birth parent. From a birth parent’s point of view, if you were in public law proceedings, it didn’t bode well.
However, in June 2013 an appeal case came before the Supreme Court regarding a child who had been removed on a “future risk of emotional harm”. This case, commonly known as re B raised questions about what is meant by future emotional harm, and whether a future risk provides a justification for non-consensual adoption. Unfortunately, the case itself was lost by the parents, but what came out of the case was this:
“Orders contemplating non-consensual adoption are a ‘very extreme thing, a last resort, only to be made where nothing else will do, where no other course is possible in the child’s interests, they are the most extreme option, a last resort – when all else fails, to be made only in exceptional circumstances and motivated by overriding requirements pertaining to the child’s welfare, in short where nothing else will do”
[re B (A Child) (Care Proceedings: Threshold Criteria) [2013 UKSC 33] Paragraphs 74,76,77,82,104,130,135,145,198,215]
(Source: Child Protection Resource)
In July 2013, there came another case on appeal, commonly known as re B-S. This case gave a very clear message to Local Authorities and Guardians that there must be evidence of clear and reasoned analysis of all of the realistic placement options:
“Adoption is the ‘last resort’. The starting point must be consideration of the law around Article 8 of the European Convention and the fact that this imposes a positive obligation upon States to try to keep families together. The least interventionist approach is to be preferred. The child’s interests are paramount, but the court must never lost sight of the fact that these interests include being brought up by his/her natural family. There must be proper evidence from the LA and the Guardian that addresses all options which are realistically possible and must contain an analysis of the arguments for and against each option. The court then ‘must’ consider all available realistic options when coming to a decision. The court’s assessment of the parents’ capacity to care for the child should include consideration of what support was available to help them do so. The LA cannot press for a more drastic form of order because it is unable or unwilling to support a less interventionist form of order; it is their obligation to make the court order work.
[re B-S (Children)  EWCA Civ 1146 Paragraphs 22, 18, 23, 26, 34, 27, 44, 28, 29]
(Source: Child Protection Resource)
During my case, even as a lay-person, reading about Re BS on a family law blog I had discovered aptly named “suesspiciousminds”, I understood the significance of it. In fact, after submitting their Final Evidence, the Judge in our case told the LA to “go away and do it again”, as they had failed to explore all of the realistic placement options, nor had they performed a balancing exercise on the pros and cons of each. I remember sitting in that Hearing thinking that I was literally watching the law in action. Were the stakes not quite so high, I would have been fascinated! I can tell you for certain that Re BS was key in my mind when I wrote my final Statement to Court, and I’m sure that it had an impact on Baby B’s return home.
These two cases (and a few before and after!), have certainly changed the state of play somewhat. As a result, more parents are beginning to see their children returned home. More families are reunited, more families given the support they both need and deserve for their children to be raised safely. I think most people would agree; this is a good thing. No one wants to see children forcibly adopted if it can be safe for them to remain within their birth families.
But what happens when your child comes home? The child you fought for…the “subject” of six months of Court hearings, meetings, reviews…a case number…the child you have seen only in a Contact Centre, watched over by a Local Authority Contact Supervisor, for maybe 2 hours three times a week…your child is now asleep upstairs in the bed that remained empty whilst you fought, in the bedroom you couldn’t bear to go into. It’s over. How do you even begin to process that?
I can only tell you from my point of view, and the simplest answer is…you don’t. You just don’t, in the first instance.
Ordinarily, a child will come home either under a Supervision Order (see my Glossary), or at the very least with some sort of Social Work involvement. I don’t think I know of anyone who has “escaped” at least a period of monitoring – which I suppose is both fair enough and to be expected. So, you will most likely spend a good 3-6 months in a permanent state of utter terror that “they” will come and take your child again.
You become Mary Poppins – everything in your day and your life becomes about your child and you do it all with a big jazz-handed-Julie-Andrews-smile on your chops. You know what you’ve been through, and you then assume that your child has seen and felt that same trauma and horror, and so leaving them – even to go to the toilet – becomes an exercise in guilt in case they feel abandoned again. You babywear, you co-sleep, you never get a second to yourself. You become hyper-vigilant and panic over every bruise, scratch or fall your child has in case you have to go to the GP, or the hospital.. 18 months on for us and still every time Baby falls over (which, as a toddler, is a lot), I have a second of utter terror. When you go to baby clinic, or toddler groups, or the school yard you feel every eye on you and you think everyone knows. You panic when strangers admire your child in case they ask you a question about your child you don’t know the answer to. You second-guess yourself; your confidence as a parent is likely to be in the toilet after you’ve had a whole authority tell you you’re not good enough. You don’t feel able to make a decision about your child. The baby that they take is never the toddler that returns.
This is trauma. This is what no one talks about.
Because it should be rainbows and glitter and those jazz hands again shouldn’t it? Come on now – this is what you wanted, what you fought for! He/she’s home now…it’s over.
Except it isn’t. And it won’t be for quite some time.
The biggest and best advice I can give you? Don’t ever work towards “getting over it”, and don’t listen to anyone who tells you either to, or that “one day” you will. You will never “get over” this. Instead, work through your feelings towards acceptance. That’s all. Accept that this happened to you, your child, your family. Don’t fight it, you can’t change what’s passed.
The best way to work through anything is to talk. I would strongly advise counselling to anyone having gone through this. Go and talk to your GP and ask for a referral to your practice counsellor – it’s free (although there is often a waiting list). If you have the financial means, look up local counsellors. A great resource for this is the BACP (British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy). They have this page in which you can find a local, accredited counsellor. They’re there to help you and it is entirely understandable you will need support.
On that note – support – although at first you may be scared, and it might take you a little while to feel confident enough, I would advise seeking as much support as you can around parenting. The remaining SureStart centres can be found here, many of them offer “stay and play” sessions (which will benefit both of you, enormously), and lots of activities for families to do together. They also have training courses, and many offer the free nursery places for 2 and 3 year olds (for more information on free nursery places, click here). Whether this is your first, or fourteenth child – we’re all learning all of the time.
If your child is of school age when they come home to you, I would strongly advise fostering a good relationship with their school. Often, schools are a wonderful source of support for both parent and child – our schools have bent over backwards to help us over the years. It is likely the school will identify a “learning mentor” for your child – someone your child will get a bit of extra support from. This person will understand that you have been through trauma as a family and the more that you keep an open dialogue going with them, the better placed they are to be able to help you and your child. If your school doesn’t offer anything like that, I would advise you to be proactive and meet with the Head to ask for this provision. Shy bairns get nowt, as they say up North.
Don’t push people away. Keep your family and your friends close to you. You might be sick of the sight of each other as they have no doubt supported you wholeheartedly through your proceedings – but keep the communication going. One of the only useful things my birth mother taught me was “no man is an island”, and this is true here. Don’t isolate yourself. No, the majority of people won’t understand (and to be honest unless you’ve been through this first hand you cannot hope to), but that doesn’t negate their advice, support, kindness and care. Some of my friends absolutely held me together in those early days of baby B’s return, often just with kindness, normally in the form of tea.
Finally, give yourselves time. Time to adjust as a family, time to reconnect, time to bond again. There will be tears, there will be anger, there will be frustration…it isn’t all rainbows. But, just now and then, you will find one peeking out from behind a cloud. And on those days, hang on to it and know that, in time, everything will be ok.
A must-read post from a lady I have “met” on Twitter and who goes by the name of @suddenly_mummy to avoid identification. She is a foster carer giving her experienced point of view, and some truly invaluable advice to parents who have had their babies and toddlers removed. I’m really grateful to her for taking the time to do this and would urge any parent going through Proceedings to read. ~ SafeguardingSurvivor
As a short-term and emergency foster carer of children aged 0-3, my home is often the first foster placement a child will experience. For the child’s parents, this is often their first experience of having a child in foster care too. Together, we must all navigate this strange, confusing and often frightening world.
From early in the foster care placement, contact sessions can be enormously emotionally charged experiences for family members and children, both positive and negative. Can I give any useful advice to parents in this situation? I can only speak from my own experience and observations over the last four and a half years of fostering. I hope that I can share something that will be helpful.
I’ll start by saying that I believe that contact is the first rung on the ladder for parents. Social workers will ask all kinds of things of parents, most of which the foster carer will not even know about, but attendance at contact is so, so important because it shows that the parent can do the hard thing in spite of everything, putting their children’s needs above their own.
Even very young children – even tiny babies – feel the effects if contacts are missed. Unfortunately, contacts cannot always be arranged at a time that fits well with a little baby’s routine, and it’s hard on them to be woken from their nap, taken to a strange place, made to wait around for 15 minutes and then be taken away again. Feeds and naps are out of place, parent and baby miss vital bonding time, and parent misses out on an opportunity to care for their baby and keep up with their ever-changing needs and routines. The connection between them weakens, and there is the danger that the parent will feel (and appear) less and less confident about their ability to successfully care for the baby should they return home. At contacts, I can keep parents updated on their baby’s changing needs and the milestones they have achieved. I try to help parents anticipate upcoming milestones in the hope that they might have the slight chance of being the first to see their baby roll over, sit or stand during a contact. It is sad when this can’t happen due to missed contacts.
With toddlers, it’s a different scenario. They soon learn that the door of the contact centre means Mummy and/or Daddy, so even if I don’t tell them where we are going, they work it out when we arrive. If I have to bring them home again without seeing anybody, they know it. Many times I have carried a toddler away while they have fought against me and screamed “Mummy! Mummy!” over and over again. It is very hard on the child. Children are often distressed at the end of contacts as they face their loss over and over again, but the distress at being given hope and seeing it dashed is worse. Over time, a sort of resigned acceptance sets in. The child begins to expect the let down, the disappointment, and no longer gets excited in advance of contacts. This is even sadder.
While I have had my fair share of missed contacts, I know that most parents will move heaven and earth to get to see their children, even though the sessions can feel unnatural and sometimes distressing for everybody involved. When it comes to making contacts easier for a child, I am reluctant to tell birth parents what they should and shouldn’t do as each situation is so individual. Some things that happen at contact can be inconvenient for foster carers, but I wouldn’t necessarily say that parents shouldn’t do them. For instance, when a child comes away from contact with lots of sweets and presents and the other children at my home aren’t getting those things it can certainly cause some conflict! But that is for the foster carer to manage and I know that when parents bring gifts it is because they have been thinking about their child all week.
But sometimes, things that are inconvenient for the foster carer can also be hard on the children. Lots of sweets, fizzy drinks and presents being brought to contact can make the whole thing feel like some sort of party for the child and they come away hyped up by it all, often bouncing off the walls for the rest of the day, and then feeling down for the next couple of days. Contact is the only opportunity for parents to treat their children, I know, but I also worry about the impression it gives to contact supervisors who are, as we know, making notes throughout. I have seen many a raised eyebrow from a contact supervisor over gifts like sugar dummies and massive bags of sweets. I can only imagine what goes in the notes. Perhaps instead of buying new things, parents might sometimes like to consider bringing items from home that may be significant for their child and help them to feel more settled. Nearly all the children I have cared for have arrived with only the clothes on their backs, losing all their teddies, comfort items, favourite toys, favourite clothes, etc. Of course we make sure they have what they need, but we can’t replace their familiar things. I would make a point of returning any items with the child if they were returning home at the end of the placement and, if they didn’t go home, they would be important memory box items for the child. It is sad to send a child to adoption without a single item from their lives with their birth parents to take with them.
The relationship between the parents and the foster carer can be a difficult one, especially at the start. I wonder if it would help parents to know that, in my experience anyway, we foster carers have virtually no say in anything. We aren’t invited to most of the meetings and, although we attend LAC reviews and write reports for them, we hand the report in to the IRO at the review – it isn’t even taken into account before the meeting. I write a daily log that almost nobody ever looks at. I rarely hear about what goes on during contact. I am very rarely asked for my opinion on anything by a child’s social worker. All this is by way of saying that there is nothing to be lost for a parent in communicating as well as they can with the foster carer. We are not mini social workers. We don’t make any decisions about your child’s care plan and we are not there to assess or judge.
I want to do the best job possible of caring for the children that come into my home. I really need the children’s family to communicate with me to help with this. I keep a communications book which I pass to the family members at every contact with information about what their child has been doing, any milestones achieved or notable moments. I find it helpful if parents write a few words in reply, if they have time. There often isn’t much opportunity to talk at contact handover times.
Children need ‘permission’ from their family members to settle and relax in their foster home. This means that even if the adults are unsure about each other at the start, it is important that we all get along in front of the children. I understand that this is very hard for parents who may just desperately want their children home with them again, but it is a sacrifice that will make the whole situation easier on your children. On my part, I also have to show children my ‘approval’ of their parents and family, speaking respectfully about them and keeping positive about contacts. I try to build friendly relationships with parents so that children are spared any conflict of emotions, and so that the eventual transition back home can be as smooth as possible. In the past, I have supervised additional contacts in preparation for transition home for young children, supporting parents in taking on the care of the child, taking parents with me when shopping for a child’s first shoes. Foster carers will feel more confident in doing this if good relationships have already been established.
In the interests of maintaining good relationships (and I know that there will be foster carers that can be hard to get on with!), I think it’s helpful for a parent to come to terms early on with the fact that the foster carer will probably have a different style and different parenting priorities to theirs, simply because everyone is different. While a parent should always say something if they have a welfare or safeguarding concern, there are perhaps some issues that could best be left alone. I cared for a little girl whose Mum took delight in dressing her hair in elaborate styles and would say something negative about the way I had done her hair at nearly every contact handover which, over time, did cause a bit of tension between us. I knew that this child’s Mum just wanted to still feel like her Mum, despite her loss of control over everything, but it made handovers awkward for all of us, including her child. There are so many benefits for the children to maintaining a good relationship between parents and foster carers that adults on both sides sometimes just need to choose not to mention things unless absolutely necessary. Children should never hear the adults in their lives speaking critically about or towards each other.
I am always aware of walking a line between supporting a parent in caring for their child, and patronising a parent, especially if the child is a tiny baby who has been removed very young. I would like to think that an inexperienced mum could talk to me about their child’s basic care needs but I know that this might be difficult, so if a foster carer is talking to an inexperienced mum about feeding or nappy changing I would hope the mum wouldn’t feel offended. The foster carer doesn’t mean to ‘take over’, but minor errors in basic care during contact will all be written down somewhere, and that could be avoided if the mum had a little advice. Normally a young mum’s own mum would do this, but most of the young mums I have met have had little or no constructive contact with their families and nobody to really help them. I would hate for an inexperienced mum to have a bad mark against her because she didn’t wind her child after feeding, or didn’t manage a soiled nappy very well or something, when really, she perhaps just needed to be shown. The assessments can sometimes be rather unforgiving.
Some of what I have written here may not apply to your situation. Some may seem irrelevant. Some may seem obvious. But my first and last piece of advice to parents of children in foster care would be to turn up to contact. Every time. And if you really, really can’t make it, phone up in good time so that your child isn’t sitting in some featureless room waiting to be disappointed. Everything else can be sorted out as we go along.
Please note: For the purpose of anonymity, my child is sometimes referred to as “Baby B”
The Midwife came in to the private postnatal room that had been our home for the previous few days.
“Is it time?” I said, quietly.
“It’s time”, she said, not meeting my eye.
The foster carers were in the next room with the Social Worker, waiting to take my newborn baby away after an Interim Care Order had been issued hours earlier on a “future risk of emotional harm”. I had left my hospital bed, still bleeding heavily, leaking breast milk and taken the witness stand for an hour and made to fight. I hadn’t done anything to this child, the LA had stated there was no immediate risk of harm and that I was a “good enough” parent.
It wasn’t enough.
I had hated the foster carers on sight, having met them in a Placement meeting the LA thought it wise to hold before we had left for Court. I couldn’t bear the thought they would be taking my newborn baby home with them. As the time to let Baby B go enforced upon me drew ever closer, I knew I had to make my peace with them.
I asked the Midwife to invite the Foster “Mum” into my room. All those around me looked shocked and questioned my sanity whilst I asked them to get a chair for her. My son was sleeping peacefully at my breast when she sat down and we automatically reached for each other’s hands, one Mother to another. It was a precious moment.
“This is Baby B. You will look after him, won’t you?”
She couldn’t speak, brimming with emotion, her eyes full, so she nodded.
“I haven’t done anything to him…”
“I know” she whispered.
When she left the room, her sobs could be heard down the corridor.
The Midwife and her colleagues had done everything they could to delay the inevitable so that we could have extra time together, washing, breastfeeding and dressing Baby B in clothes I had picked out knowing I would either be bringing him home in them, or having him taken away from me. I had made videos to explain that this was not the end, that I would see him again and I would fight for his return. The whole ward knew what was about to happen and the grief in the atmosphere was palpable.
The Midwife moved closer, stretching out her arms to take him. A close friend who was with us said that I was smiling, as though I didn’t truly believe that any of this was happening. When the Midwife took him, it felt as though the whole world had sped up. She moved so quickly out of the room that all I saw was the fluffy head of my newborn son disappearing from view. It was real, it was really happening, they really took him.
I heard a noise, a sound that shook me, frightened me. I didn’t know what it was. It sounded like a roar, a scream. And then I realised it was coming from me, from my gut. I fell forward, feeling lots of different hands on me, hands desperately trying to support me, to protect me, to make the pain stop. If you’ve known grief, you will know the sound.
Before leaving, the Social Worker thrust a scrap of paper into my friends hand with the “Crisis Assessment Team” (Mental Health) telephone number scrawled on it.
“Is that it?” my friend said, to an uncomfortable silence.
I became an after-thought in the entire process. An incubator for the LA. It didn’t matter whether I survived the following days, their focus was my child.
I left the maternity ward with empty arms, an empty body and a breast pump left on the edge of my bed by the Social Worker, the Midwife and my friends holding me up as I staggered towards the exit. Then came the surreal juxtaposition of going through all of that, followed by the mundanity of waiting for a taxi.
We returned home to neighbours looking out of their window and coming out for a glimpse of Baby B, the joy in their eyes quickly replaced by confusion and shock when they saw no baby, and a grief-stricken Mother. Afterwards they told me they thought he was dead.
I walked into my home, a home that was ready for Baby B. My breasts were full; my body screaming out for my baby. He had been taken on a Friday evening, and we were not permitted to see each other until the Monday afternoon. The LA had refused to transport my breast milk to him over the weekend, the milk he needed was leaking out of my body, yet he was being put on formula against my wishes. The LA had requested to the Court that only one contact session per week, for two hours, supervised by them in a contact centre was ordered as they “didn’t want me to bond”. My baby was not permitted to meet his siblings, for the same reason. Fortuitously, the Judge granted three contact sessions per week, though still for two hours, supervised and in a contact centre.
Those first few hours were utter torture. I screamed, I wailed, I cried, I sat silently staring out of the window. Disenfranchised grief. I was grieving, but he was still alive. Still out there, under the same sky as me.
We live ten minutes away from the beach, and through that first night, I wandered down there, stopping many times to rest. I found a bench looking out to sea and watched the sun rise, my knees up to my chest, my whole body shaking with my sobs. That bench became a focal point for me in the coming days, weeks and months afterwards and I often wandered down there at night. Through the day, I risked there being babies, and at times that was just too difficult to be around. But I always came back to that bench.
When I returned home that morning, I felt like I couldn’t go on. I couldn’t see any way through. The pain in my chest was too much, and there was nothing I could do to alleviate it. A friend that was staying with me that weekend has reflected back on that morning many times and said that she thought I was “too far gone” at that point. That I wasn’t “coming back”, the grief was too much. Many friends got in touch over that morning, willing me to keep going, saying whatever they thought might help.
Then came a message from someone who said “Get up, dry your tears and fight”. I don’t know what happened to my psyche at that time, but that word: “fight”; I needed to hear that word. Was I really just going to dissolve, let myself go, emotionally leave my children who needed me? Was I really going to roll over and let the LA be proven right? This was wrong. Every fibre of my being told me that they were wrong. I was a good Mother. I had mental health problems, but I was a good Mother.
Damned right I was going to fight. And fight I did. It took a long time, but baby B was returned to my care, despite LA plans for him being non-consensual adoption.
But, how did I get there, that day in the hospital? How did it come to pass that an intelligent, articulate woman, a Mother who, by the LA’s own admission gave “a higher than average standard of parenting care”, had her baby removed at birth by the LA in case he was “emotionally harmed” in the future? Who had defined the “emotional harm” I may or may not do to him? Where was the benchmark? Who decides?
And what do you do if you are faced with this? How do you survive a newborn removal and those first few minutes, hours and days? I have put together some things that helped me below.
Back to Basics Like a sudden death, the trauma of newborn removal rocks you to your core. As such, eating, drinking and sleeping become secondary to the grief. But in order to survive, in order to get through, in order to fuel your fight, your body needs you to take care of it. Whether you are a Mum who has just given birth, or a Dad who has just supported their partner though birth, your resources will be low and you need to replenish them.
Eat little and often. Small snacks, fruit, nuts, cereal, toast.
Drink water, fruit juice, keep your hydration up. Avoid alcohol, it only makes you feel ten times worse and you’re far more likely to do something you’ll regret.
Sleep – this one is the hardest. But everything becomes intensified when you’re tired. Even a cat-nap will help give your body some down-time.
Support Aside from the basics above, the next most important tool you need at your disposal is as much support around you as possible. Be that family, friends, or professional support in terms of your GP, Perinatal Mental Health Team (your Midwife can refer you), Community Psychiatric Nurse, Counsellor or your church and community.
I was not left alone for those first few days after Baby B was taken, I couldn’t go to the toilet without friends hovering around outside to make sure I was ok. You might feel like telling everyone to go away and leave you alone – I get that; you might feel that they just could never understand because they haven’t been through it. You’re right in a way, unless you’ve been through this, you don’t truly understand. But that doesn’t mean they aren’t trying and they can’t help. Don’t push people away, you need them.
Post Natal Care You’re probably feeling pretty suspicious of all Professionals right now, but it’s very important that Mum receives proper post natal care after delivery. Your Midwife can visit you at home for around 10 days after you’ve given birth, but that can be extended for up to 28 days if you feel his or her support is helpful or you had a particularly difficult or complex delivery. I know it’s difficult to believe, but your Midwife isn’t in cahoots with the LA and will simply want to know Mum is healthy and well. My Midwife was fantastic, a real rock, and I couldn’t have managed those early weeks without her support.
Breastfeeding If you’re a breastfeeding mum, it’s even more important to keep your fluid levels up. Whether your milk has come in or not, your body will need a lot of water. If you still want to continue breastfeeding, your LA should (though they don’t always!) support this in any way they can, as the World Health Organisation recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months. A helpful link can be found here.
Expressing breast milk
If you are expressing your milk to be given to your baby by the foster carers, you will ideally need a hospital-grade double pump. You can hire these from (the few remaining) SureStart Centres, hospitals, toy libraries, NCT, and various other places in your area. Your Midwife and Health Visitor should have more information and there should be a designated breastfeeding support worker close to you. As the LA should support breastfeeding, you can request that any cost involved is covered by them. I did this, successfully.
The LA should support the transportation of expressed breast milk, but in practice they often cite “Health and Safety” and refuse. Below is a link about the safe storage of breast milk: Breast Milk Storage
Contact Contact is likely to take place in a contact centre, supervised by the LA. I cannot stress enough how important it is for you as parents to attend. Don’t think that your baby won’t know you – In my first contact after Baby B was taken, as soon as he heard my voice, his whole body jolted. He knew me. Your baby will know you, your voice and your smell, I can promise you that.
Hold your baby for the entire session, take pictures, feel their skin against yours, drink them in. Don’t be upset, or take it personally if your baby sleeps for the whole session; they’re newborns, that’s what they do – eat, sleep and poop. Just holding them, that closeness will be therapeutic for both of you.
After contact is over, it can feel like you have lost them all over again. I remember it so well. The staff in the contact centre sometimes had to pick me up off the floor as I was an absolute wreck after Baby B had left. Please ensure you have someone to take you to the session, to pick you up afterwards, and stay with you for a while once you’re home. I’m not going to lie to you, it never ever gets easier saying goodbye after each session. But you do find the tools within you to be able to accept that this is where you’re at, for now.
Finally, attend every single session. If you can’t attend for whatever reason, ask for it to be rearranged. If you are in Court and it falls on a contact day, the LA are duty bound to give you another contact. I really can’t emphasise enough how important it is for your baby, for you and for your case to attend everything offered to you.
Look after yourselves It sounds obvious, but the stronger you are, the more equipped you are to fight your case to have your baby returned to your care. So, whilst you absolutely must take care of your physical health, you must also take care of your mental and emotional wellbeing. Different things work for different people, but I personally found Mindfulness to be very helpful. The NHS describes and explains mindfulness here.
Fortunately, within my local area there are free mindfulness stress-reduction sessions which I attended. I also found “Headspace”, an App, very useful: Headspace.
Your local Health trust should also run free courses through your GP which help with stress, depression, anxiety and related issues. Ask your GP to refer you – they are short courses lead by Professionals, normally held in a central location and outside office hours (such as 6-8pm) so it shouldn’t affect your contact. I completed many courses like this in the months Baby B was out of my care and they helped to focus my mind, address some of my issues and feel as though I was doing something. A useful link is the NHS MoodZone which can be found here and includes links to free online courses, and helpful tools.
Whilst I can’t promise that following these tips will take your pain away, these are the sort of steps that I took to get me through those first early days without my baby. They helped me, and I hope that they help you, too.
I am a barrister of about 15 years experience, and in the last five years I have concentrated mainly on care proceedings. I represent parents, local authorities and guardians so I hope I have a pretty thorough knowledge about what goes on and how to run a case.
I have also been interested in how the child protection system works – or more accurately, why it so often fails to work despite the best intentions of the majority of those who work within it.
It is thanks to the author of this blog that I was able to turn my interest into something which I hope is of more practical help – I am now one of the site administrators of Child Protection Resource which aims to provide clear and accurate information to everyone who is involved in the child protection system.
Surviving Safeguarding and I first ‘met’ on line in 2013, when she was looking for advice in respect of her own case. We then spoke again at the time of great media interest in the sad case involving the Italian mother who was found to lack capacity to consent to medical treatment. The hospital applied for permission to perform a C-section even if she did not consent. The LA applied for a care order and her child was eventually adopted.
This case, not surprisingly, caused a lot of debate about what was going on in the child protection system. John Hemming (former MP) frequently asserts that ‘targets’ exist which encourage social workers to lie in order to get babies from loving parents to meet these targets. He and various other journalists claimed that this was exactly what had gone on here.
I have never accepted these more extreme theories; if you want to read more about why I don’t, please have a look at this post
But this case did not show the child protection system in a good light. A lot of people were worried about what was being done behind the closed doors of the family courts; a lot of people came on line in various discussion groups to share their horror stories about how they had been mistreated by professionals. A common theme appeared to be the lack of effective communication from professionals and parents’ consequent lack of trust.
Surviving Safeguarding makes the compelling point that when she was first involved in care proceedings and seeking advice, it was difficult to find something other than suggestions that she simply refuse to co-operate – or even that she should leave the country.
What makes this approach so useful is that these lawyers understand the distinction between giving out information and communicating. Communication means ‘getting through’. It happens when information is both received and understood. It’s the difference between giving someone a leaflet about drug rehabilitation, which might go straight in the bin, and sitting down and explaining why it would help this particular person at this particular time, in language that the person can understand.
I think it really is this simple. How do you get the best out of your lawyer? How do I get the best out of you? We communicate. We talk to one another – not at one another. We make genuine efforts to understand where the other is coming from.
A tragic and dangerous gulf is widening between those who are subject to a child protection investigation and those who carry it out. By the time parents get to me in the court proceedings they are often bogged down in fear and distrust; that the social worker wants to steal their child for a bonus, that I am nothing but a ‘legal aid loser’ in the LA’s pockets.
But here’s the problem. I can’t fight your case on my own. My job is to be the person who understands and applies the relevant law to the facts of your particular case. The law and the facts must work together. I know the law, you know the facts.
If I can’t communicate to you what the law means and the law requires, I am not doing my job. But if you can’t tell me what you understand to be the facts of your case, then I can’t do my job.
I understand that it is very hard to listen to people being critical of your parenting. This hits right where it hurts. I understand the temptation not to want to engage with this, but to turn instead to a narrative that you are simply a victim of a corrupt system.
But if you come to me with that as your ‘fact’ then there is nothing I can do to help you. This is not because I am stupid or afraid to upset the LA. It is because you are effectively saying you will not engage with the process; you will not provide any other narrative to try to challenge the LA case against you.
Of course, SW make mistakes. Of course investigations can be sloppy and facts get misinterpreted or twisted. That I can do something with. Picking apart those kinds of cases is what I enjoy. But I cannot do anything with a simple assertion that the whole system is corrupt and the social worker lies.
In no particular order, here are my Top Tips on how to get the best out of your lawyer. You will see that what underpins them all is the need for good communication.
Make sure your solicitor can get hold of you Answer your phone calls, check your messages, read and respond to letters.
Turn up to appointments with your solicitor Your solicitor needs to talk to you. You now have a very short window of time to prepare your response to the LA evidence, about two weeks after proceedings are issued. You need to make your case now, it’s too late to make it at the final hearing, once the SW and guardian’s minds are made up.
If you can’t stay in touch or make appointments, explain why
If you are having trouble keeping in touch for whatever reason – you are worried about telling your employer what’s going on and can’t leave work, your phone is broken and you can’t afford a new one – tell your solicitor. There may be something they can do to help. But don’t leave them in the dark. Don’t give them the impression you aren’t bothered. It’s hard to fight a case for someone when you think they don’t care.
If you don’t understand or agree with what your lawyer is saying – tell them Get them to repeat themselves until you do understand, even if you still don’t agree.
If you don’t like/trust/respect your lawyer – get rid of them Some lawyers are better than others. Some people with the best will in the world, you won’t get on with and its not your fault or their fault, it just is. If you feel that your lawyer is not someone you can work with, you need to find someone else.
But if you sack your lawyer, be honest with yourself about why – a good lawyer will tell you thngs you may not want to hear. If you are both communicating openly and honestly with each other, these difficult conversations can be had without harming the professional relationship. If you sack your lawyer for just giving you some hard advice, this is not in your best interests. And if you do go down this road, you need to do it well in advance of any final hearing. You can’t reasonably expect another lawyer to take your case with only a few weeks to go.
I hope that makes sense and I hope it helps some people to get the best out of their lawyer. There is a lot wrong with the system, I know and accept this. But I don’t accept it exists to steal children from loving parents for no reason. You may not like the reasons, the reasons given may have been exaggerated or misunderstood – but they are THERE. If you don’t engage with them, the system will simply roll on and roll over you. Don’t let that happen to you.
When you are a parent going through Child Protection Proceedings, you will do and say anything to have your children returned to you. The pain of separation is so great, it can be overwhelming at times. When my newborn was removed, I desperately searched the internet for advice, guidance, someone…anyone to listen. I was very vulnerable, as are all parents at these times, and regularly came across “Don’t speak to Social Workers”, “Don’t engage”, “Tape record everything” from people who had already lost their children.
I was very lucky; I had a strong network of support around me and, with their help, was able to snorkel my way through the pool of bad advice found on the internet. I felt compelled to write this piece as an antidote to this, and in an attempt to offer parents another viewpoint from one who has been there, and successfully so.
Rule Number One How to win your case
I am often asked by parents going through Proceedings how I succeeded in my newborn’s case. Unfortunately, not many of those parents are then willing to take on board the answer. The reality is, there is no “quick fix”. There is no magic wand, no one case law, no “freeman/common law” that is going to help to have your children returned to your care. I often see “admit nothing!” and I have to say, I cringe.
The best advice I can give a parent is this:
Look at your behaviour. Yes, it’s very uncomfortable, and it hurts. But genuinely look at the way you have behaved and see if you are able to admit that you have been at fault and made mistakes. I don’t doubt that the LA have also made mistakes in your case, but forget that for a moment and look inwards. Identify the parts of your parenting that are not “good enough”. Be totally honest with yourself. This is not about anything other than your children, keep that in mind at all times. Only when you have identified your mistakes can you hope to accept them, put them right and change. I intend to expand on this particular issue in a later post, but for now, that really is the way I had my newborn returned to my care. I identified where I had been going wrong, and I worked my backside off to put it right. Yes, of course, there were other factors, but that was the main one. The bottom line is, if you maintain you have done “nothing wrong” (I hear that regularly), you almost certainly will lose your children.
Rule Number Two The best way to survive the worst day of your lives
There is never an easy way for children to be removed from home. Whether it is by consent (where you sign a Section 20), or by force (by an Interim Care Order, Emergency Protection Order, or Police Protection), it is always distressing for everyone concerned. It is almost pointless to advise any parent on this, as – having been there myself – it is one of the most traumatic experiences of your life. However, I have heard advice that parents should tell children to resist Social Workers or Police Officers removing them from the care of their parents. I have to say, for the children’s sake, this is a very bad move. Put yourself in your children’s shoes; you are being removed from everything you know and made to live with people you’ve never met in a house you’ve never seen. I would say this – don’t make it any more difficult for your children than it already is. Stay as calm as possible (I know…I know), tell your children you love them very much, and make sure they have special toys with them – like a comforter or a teddy bear, a favourite book or a doll. If there’s time, give them a photograph of you all together to take with them. Above all, don’t make any promises, because at that stage, you don’t know when you’ll see them again, you don’t know when they’ll be home. Just tell them you love them and you will do whatever you need to do for them.
Rule Number Three Unexpected visitors
If your children are currently in Foster Care, regardless of any Orders or lack thereof, it is likely they will be feeling upset, confused and anxious. Of course, they will miss you, as their parent, and of course they will want to be with you and come home. However, there is a difference between “want” and “need”. It is never advisable to encourage children to leave their Placement, unaccompanied and without warning and come to you. As much as it hurts, and I understand that pain more than anyone, children need consistency, and for the adults to take the lead. If your children do “turn up” unannounced, or contact you unexpectedly, I would always advise you, as their parent, let the Foster Carers and/or Social Workers know. One of my children turned up unannounced, having argued with their Foster Carer one day some time ago. I contacted the Foster Carer who was frantic with worry and about to ring the Police, reassured them my child was safe and made arrangements for the Carer to collect once I had sat with my child and talked through the reasons for their upset. It wasn’t that I didn’t want my child to stay, but that it wasn’t about what I wanted, but what was best.
On similar lines, it is never advisable to turn up at your children’s school, or placement in an effort to see them. Whilst this might help you as their parent, it is very likely to cause upset and confusion for your child, and panic and concern amongst the professionals. I used to live for my contact days, and would have given anything for even just a glimpse outside of those strict times. However, I know that had I taken matters in to my own hands, all it would have done was provided the LA with more evidence that I could not prioritise my children over my own needs.
Rule Number Four Be careful what you say…and not for obvious reasons If your children are in Foster Care, it is likely you will see them only at specified times and under supervision, by the LA, contact centre workers, or family members. Certainly my experience of contact supervised by the LA has been that everything of importance that is said is recorded, sometimes by a contact supervisor literally sitting with a notepad in front of you and your children. I can’t say that this is anything other than deeply unnatural and unpleasant, and many parents find it very difficult to attend contact as a result. I know at times, I really struggled to attend, not because I didn’t want to see my children, but solely because the pressure of being stared at and everything you say or do recorded and then picked over is extremely difficult to handle.
At times, my children begged me to take them home. At times, my children sobbed and wailed and at other times they were very angry with me that I couldn’t just take them home. At times they asked very difficult questions: “why can’t we come home?”, “why are (three children) home and we aren’t?”, “why can’t we see you more?”. During one contact session, one of my children referred to themselves as “Council Property”, because they were in Care. These questions, these contact sessions, made me feel so angry with the LA and at times I had to fight my impulses to react, to say how much I hated my children being in Foster Care, that I was jealous of the Carers, that I felt the LA weren’t committed in any way to keeping my family together. The main reason I didn’t? Because I absolutely did not want my children to be any unhappier than they already were. I didn’t want them to feel divided loyalties, I didn’t want them to have to carry my pain at our separation as a burden. Yes, as an aside, the LA would have used anything I said as evidence I was prioritising my own feelings and needs over that of my children, but to be honest, that didn’t matter as much as making sure my children felt secure in their placement. I didn’t want them to be there, but we genuinely had no other option at the time, so what was I, as a Mother, to do?
So. When you are in contact, and your children ask painful questions, think of them first and last and how your answer will affect them. Of course they need to know you miss them and you want them to be at home with you, but they also need to know it’s ok for them to feel secure and happy with their Foster Carers and that you support them. Vent to your family, your friends, your lawyer, but try your very best to be careful what you say to your children.
Rule Number Five Lawyers V Litigants in Person
If the Local Authority initiate Care Proceedings, you are automatically entitled to Legal Aid. This then allows you free legal advice and representation in Court. I have heard much advice on forgoing this representation and acting as Litigant In Person (LiP), and it is true that there are benefits to this. However, having acted in Person preparing Applications, Court bundles, statements and evidence, and having had a lawyer, I can tell you that it is significantly easier with a lawyer, than without. It is absolutely the case, in my experience anyway, that there are certain lawyers who will not work as hard for you, and others who will fight tooth and nail. It shouldn’t be like that, but it is.
If you want representation: I would advise seeking out a lawyer either out of the area, or one who acts in the main for parents, or Guardians.
If you want to act LiP: I would strongly advise using a Mackenzie Friend with a good reputation and reading Lucy Reed’s book “The Family Court Without A Lawyer”.
Keep watching this site for a Guest Post by Sarah Phillimore on how to get the best out of your lawyer.
Rule Number Six Signing your life away…
If you are asked to sign a Section 20, or any kind of documentation at all, I would always advise having that documentation looked over first by a legal representative. When you sign such a document, you are told that you will retain 100% Parental Responsibility for your children, however, the reality is that you cannot realistically withdraw your consent thereafter and expect to have your children returned. Rightly so, the LA will want to see that the reason you signed in the first place is not going to be repeated. I have signed a Section 20 for two of my children before and, whilst it was entirely the right decision at the time and there was nothing else I could have done, I didn’t truly know the implications of what I was signing. Shortly after, the LA initiated Care Proceedings anyway, and what I found was that the S20 was used as a bit of a bargaining tool, if I withdrew my consent not only did the LA state they would apply for an Interim Care Order, but I was also advised by my lawyer that it would provide evidence that I was not cooperating with the LA. In conclusion, whilst sometimes there is no other option but a S20, I would advise thinking very carefully and getting some legal advice before you do so.
Rule Number Seven Escaping abroad
This is a massively contentious issue and has been the subject of television documentaries and newspaper articles. It’s a difficult one for me, because I was in the position where I was pregnant, and in Proceedings with my other children. I was informed at an Initial Child Protection Conference at 8 months pregnant that the LA would be making an Application to Court to have my baby removed from my care at birth on a future risk of emotional harm. Of course I wanted to run, God did I not! I couldn’t bear the thought of them taking my baby. And certain quarters made it sound so easy! “Go to Ireland, get a house, have your baby, they can’t touch you, they’ll help keep your family together”.
It did used to be like that but things have changed in Ireland as a result of 700+ families a year fleeing abroad to escape the Local Authorities. The Irish economy has suffered and it’s not as easy to make a life unless you have plenty of money and contacts over there who are willing to help you. The reality is, without those things, it’s highly possible you will get over there and have your baby taken anyway. I personally would never ever have been able to leave my other children in the UK and go abroad, though I genuinely did consider it out of absolute terror at one point.
Of course, there are other countries you could go and there are families who have successfully relocated; you have to do what you think is best for you. I can completely relate to the fear and the want to run. I can’t advocate it, but I can understand it. I would always always advise staying and fighting. I know of cases where the family has relocated, and the concerns that the LA have had end up showing themselves, and sometimes children have been at risk, or have been harmed. Conversely, I know of cases where the family has fled, and been able to keep their children – only to lose them again when they return to the UK. I chose to stay and fight, knowing they would take my newborn. Would I have done that if I had plenty of money, contacts abroad and no other children? Honestly, I can’t be sure.
Rule Number Eight Expert Engagement In my time, I’ve heard all sorts of wild theories about “Experts” and a parent’s engagement with them during Proceedings. First of all, the term “Expert” can be attributed to many Professionals; a Psychiatrist, a Psychologist, a Medical Examiner to name a few. However, the Court also views the Social Worker as an “Expert”. Some camps feel that the input of a Expert Witness during Proceedings is invaluable as they are independent and have nothing to gain regardless of their viewpoint. Other camps feel that, as Experts are paid quite well for their input into Proceedings, it makes sense for that Expert to support the LA’s position, as that would then lead to them being instructed again. It appears true that there are “professional witnesses”, and it seems it can be a lucrative career.
So, what does that mean for a parent going through Proceedings? On the one hand, you would be forgiven for wondering the point in engaging, if the Expert is a potential “professional witness”. On the other hand, what do you have to lose? One of the worst things that could ever happen to you has already happened, your children have been taken, surely you would do anything possible to have them returned?
My advice would always be to engage as much as possible with any and all Professionals. Whether you like it or not, these are the people who will hold sway with the Court – don’t make it difficult for yourself. Suesspiciousminds says in “what should you do if social services steal your children” never to underestimate the power of being likeable. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t challenge where necessary and appropriate, but it does mean that you might need to grit your teeth and make nice with the very people you know may stop your children coming home. A big ask, I know. Every time you want to lose it with these people, keep in the forefront of your mind that you are doing this for your children. If you’re asked to engage in Therapy, or counselling, or complete assessments, or courses – do them. Don’t even hesitate.
Rule Number Nine Record EVERYTHING…?
Some people advise recording interactions with social workers and I have mixed feelings on this one. Part of me thinks that there is no reason why we shouldn’t record meetings, conferences, even telephone calls; if the social work practice is good then the social worker’s should have no issue with it. However, I do worry that it perpetuates the adversarial dynamic, and the “us and them”.
Louise Tickle, a freelance journalist, has investigated this issue and I would advise you to read her article here.
I would also advise you to read The Transparency Project’s guidance on recording meetings with social workers here.
What I would finallyadvise is to take a notebook and pen to every meeting and take notes as you’re going. It’s also useful, where possible, to have an advocate, support worker, family member or friend with you at these meetings who are also prepared to take notes, particularly where there are emotive issues being discussed. I would also advise that you keep a notepad next to your phone and don’t be afraid to ask the Social Worker to pause whilst you jot something down. It’s a very good idea to keep a daily journal of anything and everything during Proceedings. Keep a record of appointments, meetings and Hearings and what occurred when they are over. This can also help to give you a daily focus and will be invaluable when it comes to statements and Final Hearing.
Rule Number Ten Keeping Mum
If you suspect a child is being abused, physically, emotionally, or sexually, it is always best to pass that information to professionals. Similarly, if you are a victim of domestic abuse, it is always best to seek help. There are a wealth of local and national organisations there to help. As a survivor of both, I can promise you that, as a child, all I wanted was protection. It does not automatically follow that you will lose your children to foster care. It is our duty and responsibility to ensure the next generation are safeguarded and protected. What you need to be able to demonstrate to the LA and the Court, is that you can safeguard and protect your child. Keeping it quiet to avoid LA involvement is not going to help.
Whilst I can’t promise that following these rules will ensure the safe return of your children, I can tell you that following this advice will be doing something productive to bring your children home. Care Proceedings are the fight of you life, so fight well.